from the Handbook of Texas Online - Robert
McNutt - Major
McNutt Robert (1795–1853). Robert McNutt, pioneer farmer,
Indian fighter, and officer in the Texas Revolution, was born on
May 1, 1795, in Maury County in what later became Tennessee. In
September 1813 he enlisted as a private to fight in the War of
1812. By October 1814 he was a lieutenant in the Twenty-seventh
Regular Tennessee Militia, and by 1826 he was a first major in
the Second Regiment of Maury County. While in Tennessee McNutt
also engaged in land speculation and operated an inn. On
February 26, 1818, he married Mary Jackson of Maury County. They
had four sons and six daughters. McNutt's youngest son and
daughter were born in Texas. The McNutt family moved to Texas in
1834 and, after receiving two headrights in Williamson and
Austin counties, settled near Bellville, Austin County. On March
1, 1836, McNutt assumed the rank of captain and joined
lieutenants Gibson Kuykendall and John Burleson in forming a
company of Austin County volunteers to relieve the Alamo. After
the fall of the Alamo, McNutt and his company, under the command
of Gen. Sam Houston, joined in the retreat from Gonzales. During
the battle of San Jacinto, McNutt, who had recently been
promoted to major, was placed in command of the baggage guard
and ammunition. He was also responsible for the wounded and
sick, many of whom were suffering from measles. He was relieved
from further military duties in 1836 and for his service
received two grants totaling 960 acres in Bastrop and Lee
counties. He later served as tax assessor and collector for
Austin County until ill health forced him to resign. In 1851 he
settled near Georgetown, where he lived until his death, on
August 31, 1853. In 1963 a historical marker was erected at
McNutt's gravesite in Williamson County honoring his military
service at the battle of San Jacinto. His name is also engraved
on the historical plaque honoring the heroes of the battle of
San Jacinto at the San Jacinto Monument and Museum.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Eugene C. Barker, "The San
Jacinto Campaign," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical
Association 4 (April 1901). Seymour V. Connor et al., Battles of
Texas (Waco: Texian Press, 1967; 3d ed. 1980). James M. Day et
al., Soldiers of Texas (Waco: Texian Press, 1973).
Dorothy McNutt Humphreys
from the Daughters of Republic of Texas, Volume
A meeting was held under the auspices of the Texas State
Historical Survey Committee, with the Hon. George W. Hill,
Executive Secretary of the Committee presiding, with the
impressive assistance of the American Legion.
Among the relatives of Maj. McNutt present were Mrs. Dorothy
McNutt Humphreys, a great-granddaughter, and her father, Mr.
Hugh McNutt, a grandson.
Robert migrated to Texas in April 1834, and was granted a first
class certificate calling for one league of land in Williamson
County near Georgetown, and one labor of land in Austin County
near Bellville., TX.
Robert McNutt was the organizer of the First Regiment of Texas
and was, by Gen. Sam Houston appointed as major of the unit. For
his military service, he received Certificate No. 1037 for 640
acres of land in Lee County near Giddings, and Certificate No.
2398 for 320 acres in Bastrop and Lee counties, near Giddings.
Judge Paine L. Bush, president of the Sons of the Republic of
Texas, was one of several persons who accorded to Maj. Robert
McNutt sincere and grateful praise of his service to Colonial
Texas, the Republic of Texas and the State of Texas as pioneer,
citizen, patriot and military commander and especially his
energy, courage and devotion to duty exampled by his organizing
a company of soldiers and bringing them to Houston's assistance
in time to render invaluable service in the Battle of San
Today, this soldier-patriot Maj. Robert McNutt has a distinction
and an honor the equal of which few men possess, his name
appears upon the San Jacinto Monument in Houston, TX.
Dorothy M. Humphreys, 5786
Robert McNutt - Major, a soldier, patriot of the
Texas Revolution, was born May 1, 1795 supposedly in Tennessee.
It is believed that his parents were William and Elizabeth
McNutt. The first authentic record of Robert McNutt is when he
joined the American Army on Sept. 13, 1813 as a private under
Col. Wear and Capt. Bowman in the Mounted Infantry in the War of
1812. Records in Nashville, TN, state that on Oct. 5, 1814 he
was enlisted in the Tennessee state Militia as a lieutenant in
the 27th Regiment in which capacity he served until the war's
end. On Feb. 24, 1818 he was married in Columbia, Maury County,
TN, to Mary (Polly) Jackson, daughter of Brice and Elizabeth
Jackson of Bedford County, TN. To them 10 children were born. In
April 183.4, the McNutt family immigrated to Texas and settled
near a point later to be known as Piney Woods near San Felipe,
Austin County. TX. Robert was a farmer and a surveyor of land
for new settlers, and after the war a tax assessor and
collector. At the outbreak of the war with Mexico, Robert
enlisted in the First Regiment of Texas Volunteers on March 1,
1836. His assignment during the famous Battle of San Jacinto was
the command of the "Upper Encampment" at Harrisburg as major by
Gen. Sam Houston. He died at Hutto, TX, Aug. 3, 1853 and is
buried in the McNutt-Allen Cemetery. A state historical marker
honors the military service of Maj. Robert McNutt to Texas,
located at his gravesite in Williamson County, TX.
Myrtle McNutt Rhodes, (GGD), 9925
Major Robert McNutt
b-May 1, 17 95 in what is now
d-August 31, 1853 Hutto,
m- February 24, 1818 in
Columbia, Maury County, Tennessee to
Mary (Polly) Jackson
b-10-26-1796 N.C., d-12-28-1849, Hutto, Texas Daughter
of Brice and Elizabeth Jackson. 10-children.
1. Eliza McNutt b-10-3-1819
Maury Co. Tenn. d-1-25-1849 Austin Co. Tex
m-(1) 1-17-1836 Austin Co.
Tex. URIAH SANDERS. 3-children. Robert Peter Sanders;
George Sanders ; Nancy Uriah Sanders Taylor.
m-(2) 12-18-1844 Nelson
Morey. 2-children Mary Morey; IV Eliza Morey.
2. Nancy McNutt b-7-8-1821
Maury Co. Tenn. d-11-31-1855 Hutto, Texas
m-(1) 10-5-1837 Austin Co.
Tex. JAMES B. ALLEN. 7-children - Eliza Allen Juvenal;
Mary Allen; Martha Allen Juvenal; Travis Allen; Benjamin
Allen; Joe Allen; Louise Allen Adams.
m-(2) Dr. Knight. 1 child
3. Martha McNutt b-9-8-1823
Maury Co. Tenn. d-7-9-1854 Hutto, Texas m-11-16-1843
BENJAMIN J. ALLEN. 4-children - Martin Allen; Annie
Allen Sedwick; Horton Allen; Benjamin Patterson Allen.
4. Robert Brice McNutt
b-2-3-1826 Maury Co. Tenn. d-7-11-1860 Austin Co. Tex
m-3-22-1849 Austin Co. Tex. Elizabeth T. Bush.
5-children -Sarah Jane McNutt; Nathan McNutt; Joe
McNutt; Elizabeth McNutt Dabney; Anna McNutt Caywood.
5. John William McNutt
b-2-7-1828 Maury Co. Tenn. d-9-1-1842
6. Mary Elizabeth McNutt
b-1-30-1830 Maury Co. Tenn. d-6-26-1858 Belton, Tex
m-11-24-1847 Parker M. Levi.
Josiah Robert (Bose) Levy;
Sarah Texana Levy; Hamilton (Dick) Levy; Mary Catherine
7. Jane Catherine McNutt
b-1-16-1832 Maury Co. Tenn. d-10-28-1902Mexia, Tex.
m-10-23-1851 HENRY MARTINMUNGERR. 10-children
Robert Sylvester Manger;
Stephen Ingram Manger; Charles H. Munger; Henry Martin
Munger; Anna Kate Munger Teague; Minnie Munger Means;
William Nelson Munger; Hamilton McNutt
Munger; Lillo Manger, Carrie Munger Long.
unnamed son b-2-5-1834 d-2-19-1834
9. Tabitha Tennessee McNutt
b-12-6-1835 Austin Co. Province of Mexico d-8-4-1853
10. Hamilton M. McNutt
b-12-22-1838 Austin Co. Republic of Texas d-7-14-1932
M-8-16-1866 Hutto, Texas,
Mary Jane Harris Burrows. 5-children
Edna McNutt; Lola Kate McNutt; Edgar Walter McNutt;
(only living Grandchildren as
Ella McNutt Kemp;
Article from the El
Campo Leader - April, 29 -1964
San Jacinto Day Something Extra
Special For Father And Daughter of Major Robert
April 21 is a great day in the life of all
Texans but it is really a banner day- to two El
Campo residents, 85 year old Hugh McNutt and his
daughter; Mrs. Earl F. Humphreys.
Every native Texan, and most transplanted
Texans, know that upon April 21, 1836. this
great state won its independence at the Battle
of San Jacinto near what is now metropolitan
It's been 128 years since that event, called by
many historians one of the decisive military
engagements of all time but Hugh McNutt can
trace direct ancestry to one of the heroes of
that historic engagement. His father also
contributed to Texas history by fighting with
the Confederacy in the civil war.
Millions of words have been written, are still
being written and will continue to be written
about the battle of San Jacinto, its commander
General Sam Houston and the affect of the
battle's outcome upon the history of Texas and
the world. Mr. McNutt and his daughter, Mrs.
Humphreys, have become diligent students not
only of the battle of San Jacinto but of
contemporary history of that memorable era.
Mr. McNutt has published a book about the McNutt
family and the descendants of the first one to
come to Texas and be a part of one of its most
historic occasions, Major Robert McNutt, member
of the First Regiment, Volunteers and commander
of the baggage guard during the battle of San
The book contains more than 3,000 names.
Due to failing eyesight he had been forced to
discontinue much of his writing and research. He
still receives many inquiries from relatives,
some of them .as far away as Ireland, but from
others who like he have become an authority upon
early Texas history.
The original McNutt to migrate from Texas was
Robert, who like so many original Texans came
here from Tennessee. He with his wife emigrated
to Texas, in the Spring of 1834 and settled in
Austin county. He was a farmer and surveyor.
Being in Texas only about two years, Robert
McNutt raised a company in Austin county for the
purpose of bringing aid to those who were
besieged in the Alamo. Robert McNutt's company
was one of the first three companies to arrive
in Gonzales and there rumors of the fall of the
Alamo prevented them from going further. There
they were joined by other companies and General
Houston arrived March 8, eight days after the
Alamo fell to assume command.
Captain McNutt and his company participated in
the celebrated retreat from Gonzales to the
Colorado; then on to San Felipe and thence to
the Brazos encampment opposite Grosse's
Up to this time, Capt. McNutt's company with 75
or SO men was the largest in the army. Here the
army was re-organized and each company reduced
to 56 men. His company was assigned to the First
Regiment and Capt. McNutt promoted to major.
April 19, on Buffalo Bayou, opposite Harrisburg,
Major McNutt's gallant old company and that of
Capt. Payton R. Splann were assigned to guard
the baggage, ammunition, wagons and teams and
all the saddle horses left there by the main
army which went in pursuit of the enemy.
Augmented by men from other Regiments, Major
McNutt with over 200 men who had been detailed
for this guard. Within less than a quarter mile
away, 600 Mexican soldiers were camped from
where thin McNutt and his men, many of them
sick, were waiting.
The next night, April 20, General Cos with his
600 Mexican soldiers burned Harrisburg. As the
bugle sounded Major McNutt and his men thought
they were to be attacked and doused their fires.
It developed later the bugle call was a march
call and Cos and his men departed to join
General Santa Anna.
That day the battle of San Jacinto was fought
and Major McNutt and his detachment was 12 miles
away in agony of anxiety to be with their
comrades. It was upon April 23 that the result
of the historic battle was confirmed to Major
McNutt. That afternoon he decamped and began the
march to the battlefield arriving April 24 to
see the scene of the great victory. Peace and
independence for the Texans was now assured.
Major McNutt stayed in the services of his
country until about June 1, 1836. His name is
en-graved upon the San Jacinto monument as one
of its heroes.
Major McNutt was given Texas land for his great
service to the new Republic. Immediately after
the war he surveyed and located lands for the
new land office.
In 1851 Major McNutt settled upon his headright
in Williamson County near Georgetown where he
died August 31, I/53. Both the major and his
wife are buried in the McNutt-Allen cemetery
between Round Rock and Hutto. 100 feet from the
right of way of Highway 71.
Last year. in 1963, the Texas Historical Survey
Committee erected a marker at his grave-site
honoring Major McNutt for his military service
at the Battle of San Jacinto.
Hamilton McNutt, the father of El Campo's Hugh
McNutt was born in the Piney woods of Austin
county in 1838 while Texas was a Republic and
seven years before Texas entered the union. He
was the tenth and last child of the San Jacinto
hero, Major Robert McNutt. At the age of 16
Hamilton moved with his family to Williamson
As his father before him, Hamilton McNutt had a
distinguished career as a member of the
Enlisting with Company "C" of the 7th Texas
cavalry, he participated in several major
engagements and was wounded in action.
When the Civil War was over, Hamilton returned
to his home near Hutto. There he went into
cattle raising and ranching and drove cattle up
the old Chisholm trail. He pursued ranching anti
farming and passed away in 1932 at the age of
His son, Hugh was born April 3, 1879 at Hutto.
He received his education in Dallas and there
married Sadye Rice, the musically talented
daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Hudson Rice whose
father was the fourth Mayor of Dallas and a
Civil War surgeon.
From Dallas Hugh McNutt and his bride moved to
Shreveport where their three children were born.
These were Dorothy, now Mrs. Earl Humphreys of
El Compo; Hugh Huffman McNutt of Oklahoma City,
and Marvin McNutt of Dallas.
In Shreveport Hugh .McNutt engaged in selling
cotton machinery and heavy oil equipment.
The family moved to Dallas where he continued in
this business. His wife passed away in 1948 and
soon afterward Mr. McNutt retired and moved to
El Campo and made his home with Mr. and Mrs.
Mr. Humphreys is better known as "Hump, the
Farmers Friend" and also owns an artificial lure
factory here. Since he and Mrs. Humphreys are
gone a great part of the year because of Mr.
Humphrey's cotton business, Mr. McNutt is a
permanent resident of the El-Tex Hotel here.
He is spry and active and is an avid fan of the
El Campo Little League teams. He is also an
active member of the First Baptist Church here.
So San Jacinto Day to Hugh McNutt and his
daughter, Mrs. Earl Humphreys is something extra
special indeed because their grandfather and
great-grandfather became one of Texas' immortals
in Texas' battle for independence.
THEIR ANCESTER ONE OF THE HEROES OF THE
BATTLE OF SAN JACINTO. Hugh McNutt, above and
Mrs. Earl Humphreys, his daughter, both of El
Campo take pride in San Jacinto Day, each April
21. Mr. McNutt's grandfather, Major Robert
McNutt, is one whose name is upon the San
Jacinto memorial. Mrs. Humphreys is the great
granddaughter of Major McNutt.
PHOTO BY CONNIE
Officers and Enlisted Men
Battle of San Jacinto 21st April 1836